Mechanical workshops generate effluents containing lubricating oils with significant levels of COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand), hydrocarbons, metals and suspended solids.
These workshop wastewaters may come from a variety of operations such as cutting and drilling, molding, cleaning of mechanical parts, paint shops, maintenance, drainages from settling and sludge tanks, and from a variety of industries such as automotive, aerospace, furniture, appliances, and many others.
These effluents are thus very variable in terms of quality and composition and must be treated properly before disposal since they are a highly pollutant waste, both for the environment and the workplace.

Oil emulsions in mechanical and workshop wastewater: how we treat oily wastewater

A proper management of the automotive industry wastewater or of the aerospace industry wastewater can be problematic because of their polluting potential and because of the high quantity of water they contain. In exhausted metalworking wastewater, that can be called “oily emulsions” or “oil-water emulsions” for disposal purposes, the oil fraction improves their lubricating capacity, while water increases their cooling capacity.

In addition to the oily component, additives (i.e. additives for high pressure operations, biocides, corrosion inhibitors, etc.) can also be incorporated, thus the wastewater generated by the mechanical industry, and the metalworking sector in general, has a high conductivity and contains:

  • suspended solids
  • heavy metals
  • phosphates
  • surfactants

Even with the best management procedures, the mechanical industry water-based fluids do not last indefinitely and require treatment and disposal: EVALED® has developed wastewater treatment technologies that can dispose of these specific effluents.

Mechanical wastewater treatment by evaporation

EVALED® wastewater evaporation systems are very easy to operate and can be easily included in the plant after an oil-skimmer. Their energy consumption is negligible (especially for the RVF series), and this makes them a very competitive treatment alternative for workshop wastewater. Evaporation allows to achieve different goals:

  • high quality of distillate
  • water recovery and water reuse
  • ZLD (Zero Liquid Discharge) when possible
  • significant reduction of volume of the waste to be disposed of.

On the basis of the average needs in metalworking and mechanical wastewaters treatment, most of the EVALED® references worldwide are installations of:


Application Evaled ADDED VALUE
Exhausted oil emulsions RV, AC, PC Oil recovery, water reuse, disposal cost reduction
Moulds release liquids baths RV , AC, PC Oil recovery, water reuse, disposal cost reduction
Quenching baths RV, PC Water reuse, disposal cost reduction
Tumbling baths RV , PC Water reuse, sludge reduction
Parts rinsing waters RV, AC, PC Water reuse, disposal cost reduction
Precious metals waste water streams (laundry & washings) PC Metal recovery, disposal cost reduction
IE regeneration RV , AC, PC ZLD, water recovery
RO concentrates RV, AC, PC ZLD, water recovery, sludge reduction

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Mechanical parts workshops (Precious metals, Precision, Instrumentation)Automotive (Car, Trains, Motorbikes) engine and main parts production – Tier ½Aviation engine and main parts productionAutomotive sub-suppliers – Tier 3/4Aviation sub-suppliersFurniture mechanical parts productionAppliance mechanical parts productionHeating & Plumbing parts productionWire production (Copper/Steel/Alu)Defence mechanical parts productionEngineering companies


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